Anti-Racism Resources: Europe and the US
The UNC-CH Center for European Studies is committed to countering racism and violence at home, in Europe, and across the world. As an educational organization, we manifest our commitment by broadening the visibility of resources to learn about the history of structural racism and anti-Black violence, settler colonialism, colonial legacies, anti-immigrant policies. These topics include the intersections of racism, homophobia, transphobia, and gender. To this end, we are compiling a list of resources on these topics. If you wish to recommend a resource, please fill out the form on this page.
We welcome submissions on any of the topics that the European Network Against Racism lists. Submissions may cover relevant topics in the US, Europe, or both. We especially welcome links to films, books, music, and other artistic works that explore these topics.
Some of the resources listed below, especially the academic articles and books, are available through UNC. Contact us if you would like advice on accessing them. Some descriptions below resources contain phrases directly from the linked pages.
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Thank you to Dr. Priscilla Layne (Associate Professor of German; Adjunct Associate Professor of African, African American, and Diaspora Studies, UNC-CH), Kellan Robinson (Contemporary European Studies Major, UNC Class of 2020), Brett Harris (Contemporary European Studies Major, UNC Class of 2021), Hannah Gill (Associate Director, Institute for the Study of the Americas; Director, Latino Migration Project, UNC-CH), Stacey Sewell (Assistant Director and FLAS Coordinator, African Studies Center, UNC-CH), and our anonymous contributors for their feedback and recommendations on resources.
- Anti-Racism Resources for all ages
- Matters of Race (About)
- Privilege Checklist
- Race Matters (PBS Documentary)
- Resources for Talking about Race, Racism and Racialized Violence with Kids
- Scaffolded Anti-Racist Resources
- Systemic Racism Explained
- The Planner’s Beginner Guide to the #BlackLivesMatter Movement
- The Quarry: A Social Justice Poetry Database
- White Fragility: Why It’s So Hard for White People to Talk About Racism
- African Studies Center Statement & Resources
- Anti-Racism Resources (UNC Office of Diversity and Inclusion)
- Antiracist Toolkit, Department of Asian Studies
- List of Statements from Across UNC’s Campus (Carolina Seminars)
- Names in Brick and Stone: Histories from UNC’s Built Landscape
- Reclaiming the University of the People: Racial Justice Movements at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Academic Books & Articles
Analysis of institutional racism revealed by the case of Oury Jalloh, an asylum-seeker from Sierra Leone, burned to death chained to a mattress in a German holding cell.
An End to the Neglect of the Problems of the Negro Woman! (Claudia Jones, 1949)
Presents intersectional analysis within a Marxist framework. Focuses on multifaceted economic exploitation of Black women.
“Blood is Thicker than Water”: The Materialization of the Racial Body in Fascist East Africa (Angelica Pesarini)
Explores race in contemporary Italy, through analysis of colonial laws in east Africa.
EU Memory Politics and Europe’s Forgotten Colonial Past (Aline Sierp)
Analyzes uneven European memory politics. Finds emphasis on Holocaust, Nazism, and Stalinism, and lack of focus on imperialism and colonialism.
The Autobiography of W.E.B. Du Bois (1968)
Chapter 10, Europe 1892 to 1894, focuses on education in Berlin and the U.S.
The Negro and the Warsaw Ghetto (W.E.B. Du Bois, 1952)
Addresses connections between anti-Black racism in the US and anti-Jewish racism in Europe
Documents the life of a UK leader in the late 19th/early 20th centuries in the movements for civil rights, women’s rights, and world peace.
A Queer History of the United States (Michael Bronski)
Charts the breadth of lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender history, from 1492 to the 1990s.
Are Prisons Obsolete? (Angela Davis)
Makes a case for prison abolition in the U.S.
Becoming secular? Making Islam French, 1916–1982 (Naomi Davidson)
Explains how and why secular French officials administered immigrants from North Africa as exclusively Muslim subjects.
Becoming Secular? is available via UNC Libraries to UNC affiliates.
Black Africans in Renaissance Europe (eds. Thomas F. Earle & Kate J. P. Lowe)
Addresses the question, “How were the main stereotypes concerning Black people established in this period?”
Black Power and Palestine: Transnational Countries of Color (Michael R. Fischbach)
Explores the history of the Arab–Israeli conflict’s role in African American activism, and the ways the conflict shaped the domestic fight for racial equality.
Dying of Whiteness: How the Politics of Racial Resentment is Killing America’s Heartland (Jonathan Metzl)
Reveals how right-wing backlash policies have mortal consequences–even for the white populations they promise to help.
Hitler’s American Model: the United States and the Making of Nazi Race Law (James Q. Whitman)
Explores how US American race law provided a blueprint for Nazi Germany. Read a review of Hitler’s American Model.
Hood Feminism (Mikki Kendall)
Analyzes how the modern feminist movement has chronically failed to address the needs of all but a few women.
Race in the Shadow of the Law (Eddie Bruce-Jones)
Offers a critical legal analysis of European responses to institutional racism.
Showing our colors: Afro-German women speak out (eds. May Ayim, Katharina Oguntoye, & Dagmar Schultz)
Brings to life the stories of Black German women living amid racism, sexism and other institutional constraints in Germany.
Stamped from the Beginning (Ibram X. Kendi)
Chronicles the entire story of anti-Black racist ideas and their staggering power over the course of American history.
The Colonial Politics of Global Health: France and the United Nations in Postwar Africa (Jessica Lynne Pearson)
Explores the collision between imperial and international visions of health and development in French Africa as decolonization movements gained strength.
The Color of Law: A Forgotten History of How Our Government Segregated America (Richard Rothstein)
Examines how segregation in America—the incessant kind that continues to dog our major cities and has contributed to so much recent social strife—is the byproduct of explicit government policies at the local, state, and federal levels.
The French Encounter with Africans: White Responses to Blacks, 1530-1880 (William Cohen & James le Sueur)
Traces the ways in which negative attitudes toward Black people became deeply embedded in French culture.
The Half Has Never Been Told: Slavery and the Making of American Capitalism (Edward E. Baptist)
Reveals the alarming extent to which our country’s success was irrevocably tied to the institution of slavery.
The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano or Gustavus Vassa, the African (Olaudah Equiano)
Describes Equiano’s time spent in enslavement, and his success in gaining his own freedom and in business thereafter.
To Exist is to Resist: Black Feminism in Europe (eds. Akwugo Emejulu & Francesca Sobande)
Brings together activists, artists, and scholars of color to show how Black feminism and Afrofeminism are being practiced in Europe today, exploring their differing social positions in various countries, and exploring the ways in which they organize and mobilize to imagine a Black feminist Europe.
White Rebels in Black: German Appropriation of Black Popular Culture (Priscilla Layne)
Shows how German authors have since the 1950s appropriated black popular culture, particularly music, to distance themselves from the legacy of Nazi Germany, authoritarianism, and racism, and how such appropriation changes over time.
Fiction, Poetry, & Nonfiction
Documents areas where Europeans of African descent are juggling their multiple allegiances and forging new identities.
Also by Mail (Olumide Popoola)
Modern family comedy-drama that follows the experiences of Nigerian German siblings Funke and Wale who fly to Nigeria to bury their suddenly deceased father.
Arriving in the Future: Stories of Home and Exile
Anthology of poetry and creative writing, uncovering hidden chapters of activism, history, and literature production in Black German communities and beyond.
“What Murder Looks Like From a Distance” (James Young)
Poem and post on the shooting of Michael Brown, and responses to racial injustices in Europe and across the world.
Beyond the Horizon (Amma Darko)
Provides an account of the exploitation of women in Africa and Europe, and tells of an immigrant who, having travelled to Germany to find a paradise, finds she has been betrayed by her husband and is forced into prostitution.
“Blues in Black and White” (May Ayim) (Excerpt)
Collection of poems and prose on what it means to be Afro-German.
Flowers, Bread, and Gold (Chibo Onyeji)
41 poems on the contemporary history of Africans and people of African descent in Austria.
Short fiction film in which a young man does his utmost to survive in a foreign country.
Afro Germany – being black and German
News anchor Jana Pareigis interviews other Black Germans on their experiences with racism in Germany.
Black and British: A Forgotten History (dir. David Olusoga)
Explores the enduring relationship between Britain and people whose origins lie in Africa.
Blaxploitalian: 100 Years of Blackness in Italian Cinema (dir. Fred Kuwornu)
Diasporic, hybrid, critical, and cosmopolitan dimension documentary that uncovers the careers of a population of entertainers seldom heard from before: African-American and African descent actors in Italian cinema.
Exodus: Our Journey, Our Journey to Europe (2016, prod. James Bluemel)
The first-person stories of refugees and migrants fleeing war, persecution and hardship — drawing on footage filmed by the families themselves as they leave their homes on dangerous journeys in search of safety and refuge in Europe.
Exodus: The Journey Continues (2018, dir. James Bluemel)
Tells the intimate, firsthand stories of refugees and migrants caught in Europe’s tightened borders, and facing the rise of nationalism and anti-immigrant sentiment. Sequel to Exodus: Our Journey, Our Journey to Europe.
Home? (dir. Elliott Blue)
An Afro-German young adult takes you on their journey to find home in the country they grew up in.
Les Hommes libres (dir. Ismaël Ferroukhi)
Recounts the largely untold story about the role that Algerian and other North African Muslims in Paris played in the French resistance and as rescuers of Jews during the German occupation (1940–1944).
Midnight Traveler (dir. Hassan Fazili)
Documents the director and his family’s harrowing trek across numerous borders — from Afghanistan to Serbia and beyond — revealing the danger and uncertainty facing refugees seeking asylum juxtaposed with the unbreakable love shared amongst the family on the run.
Redlining and Racial Covenants: Jim Crow of the North
Local PBS short documentary on the legislation that enforced housing segregation in the US North.
Sami Blood (prod. Lars G. Lindström)
Historical fiction following a 14-year-old Sámi girl. Exposed to the racism of the 1930’s and race biology examinations at her boarding school, she starts dreaming of another life. To achieve this other life she has to become someone else and break all ties with her family and culture.
Segregated By Design (dir. Mark Lopez)
Examines the forgotten history of how our federal, state and local governments unconstitutionally segregated every major metropolitan area in America through law and policy.
The Black Panthers: Vanguard of the Revolution (dir. Stanley Nelson)
The first feature-length documentary to explore the Black Panther Party, its significance to the broader American culture, its cultural and political awakening for black people, and the painful lessons wrought when a movement derails.
The Black Power Mixtape 1967-1975 (dir. Göran Hugo Olsson)
Rolls of footage from the 1960s and 1970s in the United States, all of it focused on the anti-war and Black Power movements.
The Other Side Of Hope (dir. Aki Kaurismäki)
Comedy about the friendship between a refugee from Syria and newcomer to Helsinki and a budding – if completely inexperienced – restaurateur.
Traces of the Trade (dir. Katrina Browne)
Uncover the vast extent of Northern complicity in slavery while also stumbling through the minefield of contemporary race relations.
While We Live (dir. Dani Kouyaté, Maria Larsson Guerpillon)
A powerful narrative film about Kandia, an African woman living in Sweden for 30 years who decides to move back to Gambia.
Xenos (dir. Mahdi Fleifel)
Short fiction film centered on young Palestinian men who travelled with smugglers via Syria and Turkey into Greece. They sought a way into Europe, but find themselves trapped in a country undergoing economic, political, and social collapse.
Initiatives & Networks
A hub of (post)migrant theatre in Berlin
An inclusive platform focused on history, decolonisation & feminism through art.
A community of different people from diverse backgrounds who share a commitment to eradicate racism from German society.
The Black Archives
A unique historical archive for inspiring conversations, activities and literature from Black and other perspectives that are often overlooked elsewhere.
A Germany-based cultural and political forum by and for Black women.
Afro Empowerment Center Denmark (AEC)
A center focused on creating a safe space for People of African Decent (PAD).
Each One Teach One
A community-based education and empowerment project in Berlin, founded in the context of Black, racism-critical resistance movements.
European Network of People of African Descent (ENPAD)
A trans-European Network that brings together Black-led organisations in Europe to actively share our knowledge, campaign together and push for the political empowerment and representation of People of African Descent in Europe.
A banlieue-based network of youth working to revalue the image of banlieues with not just the general public, but especially with banlieue inhabitants themselves.
Initiative Schwarzer Menschen in Deutschland
An association representing the interests of Black people in Germany and standing up for justice for migrants.
An umbrella organization of independent anti-discrimination offices and advice centers.
Black Cultural Archives
The only national heritage centre dedicated to collecting, preserving and celebrating the histories of African and Caribbean people in Britain.
Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung
Germany’s Federal Agency for Civic Education. Its mission is to promote understanding of political issues, to uphold democratic awareness, and to strengthen the willingness of citizens to participate in politics.
European Network Against Racism
The only pan-European anti-racism network that combines advocacy for racial equality and facilitating cooperation among civil society anti-racism actors in Europe.
A city-level initiative to reframe Berlin’s postcolonial past.
Lists of Resources
A network of historians furthering knowledge about the Black Diaspora in German-speaking Central Europe in order to challenge racialized presumptions about history, national belonging, and citizenship in the region.
Black Central Europe: Lesson Plans & Syllabi
Teaching resources from the Black Central Europe network.
Black History Month Library
A collection of resources on Black history in the US, Europe, and beyond.
Council of Europe Anti-Racism Resources
Collection of resources on discrimination, racism, Islamophobia, antisemitism, and media, by Europe’s leading human rights organization.
European Network Against Racism Resources
Resources on 9 topics: equality data, racist crime and speech, security and policing, employment, migration, Afrophobia, Antigypsyism, Islamophobia, and antisemitism.
Herero and Nama Genocide
The US Holocaust Memorial Museum’s bibliography on materials about the Herero and Nama genocide that are in the Museum Library’s collection.
Inclusion and Diversity in German Studies | University of Waterloo
An introduction to racism, anti-Black violence, and Indigenous people as relates to German studies, especially in Canada. Includes resources on the following topics:
- Being Black and German
- Associations and Research Groups
- German Filmmakers of Colour
- German Studies and Indigenous Peoples
- General Resources
Teaching Tolerance: Race & Ethnicity
A project of the Southern Poverty Law Center, Teaching Tolerance’s resources can help you facilitate discussions about race and guide students through lessons on white privilege, economic inequality, mass incarceration, the complexities of identity and more.
News & Essays
The African American Intellectual History Society’s series of essays on Black Europe.
Food as Education: An Interview with Gilles Dolatabadi
Discussion of Strasbourg-based Afropean-themed eaterie Jabiru, the pedagogical role of art, food and culture, surmounting French bureaucracy, and why Jabiru’s founder prefers the term Afroblend to fusion food.
France refuses to talk about race. New protests could change that.
Op-ed from French activist and journalist Rokhaya Diallo on the summer 2020 Black Lives Matter protests in France.
Franco-Arabic Rappers in Paris
Long-form essay on exploring what it means to be French, Arab, and Muslim through hip-hop.
How Britain stole $45 trillion from India
Analysis of mechanisms that Britain used to steal wealth from India during colonization.
How Much More French Can I Be?
Op-ed by French-Algerian hip-hop artist Medine after suburban riots occurred in France in 2005.
Interview with W. E. B. Du Bois concerning his travels in and views on Nazi Germany
1937 interview with W.E.B. Du Bois in New York’s main German-language newspaper.
Meet the Syrian Refugee Artists Who Are Transforming Modern Berlin
Interviews with Syrian artists in Germany on their work and efforts to share their stories with Germans.
Mesut Özil walks away from Germany team citing ‘racism and disrespect’
News article on German Turkish soccer player Mesut Özil’s 2018 departure from German team Arsenal.
Essay on Négritude, a cultural movement launched in 1930s Paris by French-speaking black graduate students from France’s colonies in Africa and the Caribbean territories.
Racism harms black people most. It’s time to recognise ‘anti-blackness’
Op-ed on anti-Black racism in the United Kingdom.
Staying Alive Through Brexit: Racism, Mental Health & Emotional Labour
Essay on the white fragility and colonial legacies in the United Kingdom after the 2016 Brexit vote.
Syrian Expat Philharmonic Orchestra in Berlin | DW Nachrichten
Feature on an orchestra for professional Syrian musicians living in Europe — an outlet for Syrian symphonic music.
Syrian Rocker-Refugees Take Their Act To Europe
Short video on Syrian rock band Khebez Dawle, who turned their refugee journey to Europe into a music tour.
Take the Bass with You! (Long form essay on Syrian band in Berlin, Khebez Dawle)
Long-form essay on Syrian rock band Khebez Dawle, on tour across Europe.
The battle to save Lapland: ‘First, they took the religion. Now they want to build a railroad’
News analysis on how proposals to build a €2.9bn railway across northern Lapland will impact the Indigenous Sámi people’s lives and livelihood.
The Paradox of Arab France
Essay on the history of Arabs in France, and how part of the French population rejects a shared history in favor of the myth of the “interior enemy.”
What Black America Means to Europe
Essay by University of Manchester professor Gary Younge on the summer 2020 Black Lives Matter protests in Europe, and their multiple connections to the US.
#WhoAmI: Finding myself – Alina, France
Short video feature on Alina, a Roma woman living on the edges of Paris. Explores antigypsyism in France.
#WhoAmI: Finding myself – Amin, Germany
Short video feature on Amin, a German with Egyptian roots, and the discrimination he faces in Germany.
Windrush scandal explained
Short essay on the Windrush generation and scandal in the United Kingdom.
The African Enlightenment | Yacob and Amo: Africa’s precursors to Locke, Hume and Kant
Long-form essay on 17th-century Ethiopian philosopher Zera Yacob and 18th-century philosopher Anton Amo, who was born and lived on land that is now Ghana.
Explores the music of artists from Africa and its diaspora living, or having been born in, Sweden.
Afropean identities, Filming the Arab spring
Interviews with writers Johny Pitts and Caryl Phillips, who discuss the idea of Afropean identity. Also includes interview with academic Dina Rezk on popular culture and Egyptian politics.
Afro-Lisbon and the Lusophone Atlantic: Dancing Toward the Future
Explores the music of a network of DJs of African descent working in the suburbs of Lisbon, Portugal.
Closeup: French Afro-Colonial Memory and Music
Explores the music of artists in France and French-speaking African countries who are unearthing unknown periods of French colonial history.
George Floyd effect? Protests in France against police violence
Panel of activists, artists, and academics on the summer 2020 Black Lives Matter protests in France.
Conversations with Indigenous activists, experts, artists, and more from across Europe.
Locked down in the suburbs: Covid-19 puts strain on French ‘banlieues’
Panel with experts and activists on the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the banlieues (working-class suburbs) in France.
NPR Throughline: American Police
Podcast episode describing the evolution of US American police forces (and some of the traits they inherited from European forces).
Race and racism in Poland
Interview with Dr. Bolaji Balogun (Department of Geography, University of Sheffield) on “histories of Poland’s colonial extraction and the impact of whiteness, religion and (polish) centrism on racialisation and racism.”
Sweden’s climate solution is now the Sami people’s problem
Analysis on how climate change is impacting the Indigenous Sámi people in Sweden, and reigniting old tensions with the Swedish government.
The Fight Against Racial Injustice Is Transatlantic
Interview with University of Manchester professor Gary Younge, on the way racism in the U.S. affects how Europeans think about racism in their own countries.
The Musical Legacy of Al Andalus, Part 1: Europe
A look at the musical legacy of the 700-year period of Muslim rule in Medieval Spain.
These Are the Issues Facing Afro-Swedes
Interview with Nike Sandberg, spokesperson for the Afro-Swede Network in Skåne, on her work and the situation for Afro-Swedes in the country.
This Podcast Celebrates What It Means to be French and Arab
Feature on French-language podcast Latay, a podcast decoding what it means to be a young second-generation Arab immigrant in France.
Time Travel Through Afro-Paris
A look at 30 years of adventures with African music in Paris.
A podcast that gives a voice to the New Daughters of Europe.
We Belong: Inès Seddiki on Social Justice in the French Suburbs
Interview with Inès Seddiki on her work with the youth-centered organization GHETT’UP in the banlieues of France.
Why the Black Lives Matter protests are different in Europe
Interview with artist and cultural critic Quinsy Gario on what makes the summer 2020 Black Lives Matter protests in Europe different from those in the US.
Investigates whether – and if so, how – discrimination is experienced by the minority group in Denmark designated as ‘Afro-Danish’.
Being Black in the EU
Examines the racial discrimination and harassment faced by people of African descent in the EU.
German-Turkish hip-hop artist Eko Fresh explores three different perspectives in debates around racism in Germany.
Lowkey – Ahmed
British rapper and activist Lowkey sings about the 2015-16 refugee crisis, the death of Alan Kurdi, and the devaluing of migrant lives in Europe.
Mandems – Dax Att Åka Hem (“Time to Go Home”; in Swedish)
Afro-Swedish musicians analyze xenophobia and racism in Sweden.
Samy Deluxe – “Superheld” (“Superhero”; in German)
Motivated by the lack of superheroes of color, Afro-German hip-hop artist Samy Deluxe sings about his son, his experience with racism, and what it means to be a minority in Germany.
Webinars & Talks
Panel of US-based academics focusing on recent incidents of state-sponsored violence towards Black individuals in the United States and Europe and related protests and demonstrations.
“The urgency of intersectionality”
TED Talk from critical race scholar Kimberlé Crenshaw on the concept of intersectionality, and its acute relevance for contemporary societies.
Goethe-Institut Washington: “Radical Diversity: Los Angeles”
An episode of the Goethe Institute-organized “Radical Diversity” series. This episode features Dr. Priscilla Layne, (Associate Professor of German; Adjunct Associate Professor of African, African American, and Diaspora Studies, UNC-CH). The series is hosted by two Millennial generation voices from Germany, Max Czollek (“De-integrate Yourselves”) and Mohamed Amjahid (“Among Whites: What It Means to Be Privileged”). This episode focuses on political activism and diversity.
“Race and Policing in the EU”
Panel of US and Europe-based academics and practitioners on the situation of different ethnic and racial minorities across Europe when they encounter the police. Organized by the Institute of European Studies at UC Berkeley.
Covers Black and Asian history in Britain from 1500 to 1850.